What is Glaucoma?
Glaucoma is classified to a group of eye conditions where the optic nerve is damaged at the point where it leaves an individual’s eye. The optic nerve is primarily responsible for carrying images from the retina, the light sensitive membrane attached to the inner surface of the eye, to the brain.
There are four major types of Glaucoma:
(1) Chronic glaucoma (slow onset).
(2) Acute glaucoma (sudden onset).
(3) Secondary glaucoma (caused by another eye condition).
(4) Congenital or developmental glaucoma (a condition in babies caused by malformation of the eye).
Regular eye tests are important to protect your vision from damage caused by glaucoma. Doctors say that chronic glaucoma affects one percent of people over 40 and five percent of people over 65. The risk of this eye disease increases with age and if left untreated, it can cause blindness in the future. If you are above 40 and have a family history of glaucoma, then you should have an eye test every 12 months.
Major Symptoms Of Glaucoma:
Chronic glaucoma generally includes no symptoms and the eye may seem normal. This isn’t painful & stressful and at first, your vision may be unaffected.
What We Do At Opticare Optician’s:
Glaucoma Screening is carried out as a part of our standard eye examination. It helps us to make certain you can see well, your eyes work properly together and are healthy and free of disease. This test involves:
(1) Measurement of the intra-ocular pressures.
(2) Examination of the optic disc.
(3) Visual field assessment.
Early detection and treatment is essential to prevent or delay the progression of more serious visual problems. As most early forms of glaucoma are without symptoms, regular screening, especially with increase in age, is essential to maintain healthy eyes.